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Regular version of the site

Mobility on the Russian labour market

Priority areas of development: economics
2013
The project has been carried out as part of the HSE Program of Fundamental Studies.

Present report summarizes the results of a project dedicated to the mobility on Russian labour market conducted by the Centre for Labour Market Studies in 2013. Mobility is one of the most important labour market mechanisms allowing for its flexibility and adjustment to the transformations, but at the same time it increases uncertainty and threatens stability. Therefore studies of its role in the functioning of modern Russian labour market appear to be highly promising. Set of studies comprising present report made possible to clarify the nature and major functions of mobility on the contemporary Russian labour market.

The Research object of the surveys presented in the report is information connected tojob mobility, tenure and gross worker flows.

Research purpose of the surveys is the comprehensive analysis of mobility in the Russian labour market, its major features and the possible adaptation of foreign institutional reforms aimed at an increase in mobility rates.

The Empirical basis of the research is provided by official data collected by the Federal State Statistics Service (“Rosstat”) and national statistics data provided by the OECD database. The Russian Labour Force Survey for the period 2000-2011 and October Occupation Survey conducted on a regular basis by Rosstat should also be mentioned on their own account. Important information was provided by the large-scale Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey – Higher School of Economics[1] (RLMS-HSE) covering the period 1994-2011.  

The Research results showed that the rates of worker mobility on the Russian labour market are very high; however job mobility remains insufficient. This situation results in idle worker flows which are not linked to job creation. The results presented in the current report show that there are no rigid barriers between formal and informal employment on the labour market and gross worker flows between these two states of employment are quite intense. On the other hand informal jobs have very short life and the increase in the number of informal jobs can weaken the stability of labour market in general. In the current report particular attention is paid to an analysis of foreign labour market institutional reforms aimed at increasing mobility rates. It is important to highlight that institutional transformations of this kind appear to be quite useful in the battles against unemployment in times of crisis. Positive consequences experienced by foreign labour markets as a result of institutional transformations can serve as a useful example of policy adjustment in the Russian context.  

Implementation of the research results

The results presented in the report can be used in policy recommendations since they are primarily concerned with institutional transformation and regulation. They also can have a number of important consequences for the evolution of labour market theory, methodology and empirical analysis. The results presented in the current report provide new empirical results that contribute to an understanding of the contemporary features of Russian labour market mechanisms. The main results of the report and the methodology of empirical studies conducted can also be used in courses concerned with labour economics.

International partners

The following foreign partners of the Centre for Labour Market Studies took part in conducting the studies presented in the report:

· Hartmut Lehmann, PhD, Professor of Economic Policy in the department of economics at the University of Bologna, Program Director of the IZA (Institute for the Study of Labor, Bohn, Germany) research area "Labor Markets in Emerging and Transition Countries". http://www.iza.org/en/webcontent/personnel/photos/index_html?key=257

· Anzelika Zaiceva, Ph.D, Assistant Professor at the Department of Economics, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Research Fellow at IZA. http://www.iza.org/en/webcontent/webcontent/personnel/webcontent/personnel/photos/index_html?key=1668

Publications:


Zudina A. A. Do Informal Workers Make An Underclass? An Analysis Of Subjective Social Status / NRU Higher School of Economics. Series SOC "Sociology". 2013. No. 24/SOC/2013.
Gimpelson V. E., Kapeliushnikov R. Labor Market Adjustment: Is Russia Different?, in: The Oxford Handbook of the Russian Economy / Ed. by S. Weber, M. V. Alexeev. Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2013.
Gimpelson V. E., Slonimczyk F. Informality and Mobility: Evidence from Russian Panel Data / Institute for the Study of Labor. Series IZA DP "Discussion Paper". 2013. No. 7703.
Зудина А. А. Неформальная занятость и субъективный социальный статус: пример России / Высшая школа экономики. Серия WP3 "Проблемы рынка труда". 2013. № WP3/2013/01.
Lukyanova A. Earnings inequality and informal Employment in Russia / NRU Higher School of Economics. Series WP BRP "Economics/EC". 2013. No. 37/EC/2013.
Лукьянова А. Л. Неравенство заработков: фактор неформальности (2000–2010 гг.) / ГУ ВШЭ. Серия WP3 "«Проблемы рынка труда»". 2013. № WP3/2013/02.
Вишневская Н. Т. Самозанятость в переходных экономиках // Мировая экономика и международные отношения. 2013. № 10. С. 58-67.
Гимпельсон В. Е., Капелюшников Р. И. Нормально ли быть неформальным? // Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики. 2013. Т. 17. № 1. С. 3-40.
Лукьянова А. Л. Неравенство заработков: фактор неформальности (2000–2010 гг.) // Экономический журнал Высшей школы экономики. 2013. Т. 17. № 2. С. 212-238.

 

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